224 Writ of Summons Urgenda (19 November 2013), p. 51. Available at: www.urgenda.nl/documents/DagvaardingKlimaatzaak19-11-13.pdf. Factors include heat stress, increased infectious diseases, poorer air quality, increased exposure to UV, and increase in water and food related diseases. Also the Government has acknowledged such risks in the past, e.g. in terms of increased zoonose diseases (Lyme disease), UV-radiation, heat stress etc. More information available at: www.volksgezondheidenzorg.infoor previously, http://www.nationaalkompas.nl/gezondheidsdeterminanten/omgeving/milieu/klimaatverandering/wat-zijn-de-gezondheidsgevolgen-van-klimaatverandering/.
225 Court of First Instance, Case No. ECLI:NL:RBDHA:2015:7145 (24 June 2015), par. 4.45-4.46, 4.109.
226 WHO Factsheet on Health and Climate Change, via: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs266/en/.
227 Human Rights Council Resolution 29/15 (22 July 2015), available at: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/RES/29/15 ; See also Hesselman and Toebes: ‘The human right to health and climate change: A legal perspective’, 31 October 2015, available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2688544.
230 9th progress report on Appropriate Education Act, p. 8 table showing negative perceptions of internal support managers and teachers about ability to provide adequate support; Children Ombudsman, KOM014/2105, 8 September 2015, p.
231 Numbers of Ministry of Education for 2014-2015: 5077 children with no right to education (‘uneducable’), 9972 children with no access to education / school (‘thuis-zitters’/‘sitting-at-home’).
232 Letter to Parliament, ‘Compulsory figures and approach truants’, House of Representatives, parliamentary year 2015-2016, 26695, nr. 108
234 Art. 40 (5) Law on Primary Education, Art. 27 (2 d) Law on Secondary Education), Art. 40 (6) Law on Special Education.
235 Childrená Ombudsman, KOM014/2015, 8 September 2015, p. 11,21
236 Court of Audit, ‘Schoolbuildings primary and secondary education: practice is being checked’, 4 February 2016.
237 Art. 3.1.b WGBH/CZ; special education as an exception to the prohibition of discrimination: Kamerstukken II 2001/02, 3, p. 11 (MvT) [Proposal of law / bill].
238 Forum Factsheet, ‘Elementary in the Neighborhood: Development of Reflection and Segregation’, (April 2014); Kohnstam Instituut, ‘Action against Educational Segregation in Communities. Exploring of the local policy 2013’, September 2013.
239 Parliamentary debate on 10 March 2011, letter of NJCM, Dutch Section of the ICJ to Minister of Education, 26 April 2011 concerning policy changes regarding segregation in schools: www.njcm.nl/site/uploads/download/423.
240 ResearchNed, Monitor Beleidsmaatregelen 2015, ‘Study, study behavior and financing in relation to policies in higher education 206-2015’, Nijmegen 2016 [Study commissioned by Ministry of Education/VWS]; Volkrant, 19 april 2016: http://www.volkskrant.nl/binnenland/vooral-minder-studenten-met-laagopgeleide-ouders-sinds-leenstelsel~a4284930/ (National newspaper: Less students with less educated parents enrolled in higher education).
241 Steunpunt studerende moeders (studerendemoeders.nl/, national support group and knowledge centre), subject of current research of the Free University of Amsterdam: http://www.vu.nl/nl/over-de-vu/profiel-en-missie/uitgelicht/onderzoek-zwanger/index.aspx
242 Letter of Minister to NGO’s of 18 January 2016, zie http://studerendemoeders.nl/verklaring-reactie-op-brief-ministerocw/
243 See Wet educatie en beroepsonderwijs (VET act art. 8.1.1, art 1.1.1) and Wet op het hoger onderwijs en wetenschappelijk onderzoek (University (of Applied Sciences) Act art. 7.32)
245 C.J.Laban, Dutch study Iraqi asylum seekers. Impact of a long asylum procedure on health and health related dimensions among Iraqi asylum seekers in the Netherlands. An epidemiological study. Proefschrift Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 2010. ISBN 978 90 8659 452 8
247 Certain internships require a so called statement of behaviour (verklaring van gedrag), which is a background check. This check cannot be obtained without id-documentation.
248 District court of The Hague, 2 May 2012, ECLI:NL:RBDH:2012:BW4736.
249 Besluit Uitvoering Wet Arbeid Vreemdelingen (art 1f en 1g).
250 See VROM, ‘Werken aan woonwagenlocaties’ (23 November 2010), available at: https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/brochures/2010/11/23/werken-aan-woonwagenlocaties (only available in Dutch) (‘Working on caravan sites’, instructions for local authorities).
251 ECHR, Winterstein and Others v France, Judgment (Merits), Application no. 27013/07 (17 October 2013), par. 148.
252 CERD, Concluding observations on the nineteenth to twenty-first periodic reports of the Netherlands, UN Doc. CERD/C/NLD/CO/19-21 (Geneva: 28 August 2015), § 20; see also European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, CRI Report on the Netherlands (fourth monitoring cycle), No. CRI(2013)39 (adopted on 20 June 2013, published on 15 October 2013), par. 169.
253 NJCM PILP, ‘Extinction policy of mobile home sites, a violation of human rights?’, see http://pilpnjcm.nl/files/extinction-policy-mobile-homes/.
255 UN Independent Expert on minority issues, Rita Izsák, 12 March 2013, see: http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=13124&LangID=E
256 See Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, General comment No. 21 on the Right of everyone to take part in cultural life, UN Doc. E/C.12/GC/21 (Geneva: Forty-third session of 2–20 November 2009), par. 13.
257 Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, ‘Concluding observations on the nineteenth to twenty-first periodic reports of the Netherlands’, 28 August 2015, CERD/C/NLD/CO/19-2, available at: http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CERD/Shared%20Documents/NLD/CERD_C_NLD_CO_19-21_21519_E.pdf
258 'Honderden bij protest tegen Zwarte Piet in Amsterdam', nu.nl (16 November 2013), available at: (‘Hundreds protesting Black Pete’).
259 Stichting Magenta, Afdeling Meldpunt Discriminatie Internet (Discrimination Hotline), Meldpunt Discriminatie Internet Jaarverslag 2014, Amsterdam: Stichting Magenta, MDI 2015, meldpunt.nl/site/documents-oud/MDI%20Jaarverslag%202014.pdf.
260 CESCR, GC 14.
261 District court of Amsterdam, No. ECLI:NL:RBAMS:2014:3888, (3 July 2014).