For Utrecht the total of notaries working in Utrecht should be compared with the dBase of Christiaan van Bochove as at that time only the notaries - in most cases - who produced deeds were included.
Next sheet: totals per year of aldermen's bench protocols.
Access dBase: Utre-Nota and Aldr-1500-1780.mdb
Excel: Utre-Nota and Aldr-1500-1780.xls
Structure of report
Part I of the report concerns the notarial archive.
Part II concerns the aldermen's bench.
The reports consists of general comments of students on their findings while collecting data or on decisions how records were entered into the Access-form.
The general part is followed by comments on findings in specific procols and deeds.
For this city - Utrecht - being the first research target, these comments are extensive. The reason is that we agreed to report as much as possible on the surroundings of our debt contracts. These debt contracts do not stand on their own, they are a specific part of a broad spectrum of financial contracts. Many financial actions were registered in deeds concerning power of attorney, payment agreements solving a series of old debts, confirmation of redemption of old debts, attestations with compaints about defaults, transfers of private long term debts (losrenten), divisions of inheritances and other kind of inventories on assest. Students did sometimes report deeds on letters of exchange.
Until 1700 Utrecht used the Julian calendar which was about days behind the Gregorian calendar. In notarial deeds sometimes this is referred to as 'in oude stijl'.
Notarial deeds are in almost every case tied together in one book, the protocol. In some cases the deeds are numbered or the pages are numbered. Sometimes they are numbered as folio’s (which means that the whole page is numbered as one), and other times they are numbered normally. In the instance of numbering by folio, the folio’s are entered or given here as folio recto (r) and folio verso (v). Recto means the first page of the folio, or in other words, the right side. Verso is the other side, the left side. The handwriting of the notaries differs a lot. If we were not sure what was written, the text in the comments or fields in Access is given in brackets.
Parties in contract
When a man appeared before a notary or city council for himself and for his wife, we entered ‘married’ in the ‘civil status’ box in Access and did not specify the wife as a contractant. When the family of one of the parties was specifically mentioned in the deed, we entered ‘male (or female) and his family’ in the ‘gender’ box in Access.
Meaning of sums given in contracts
In the earlier benchmark years we found many deeds without information on principal sums. In such cases a yearly interst sum was given sometimes an interest rate. As long as two variables are available it should be possible to reconstruct the whole debt.
In the losrenten the formulation is standard: the contract of 'een jaerlixe rente' of xx guilders. This formulation has been interpreted as the yearly interest sum as is entered in the fields 'amount installment pounds/guilders' and ' amount installment stuivers'.
1540 Students: Ruben Schalk; Yannick Slagter
In this period one notary was found; he was an 'officiaal' in service of the episcopate. No debt contracts were found. The deeds were mainly written in Latin.