Thuis
Contacten

    Hoofdpagina


Extra english

Dovnload 234.5 Kb.

Extra english



Pagina4/4
Datum12.03.2017
Grootte234.5 Kb.

Dovnload 234.5 Kb.
1   2   3   4

LESSON 7


PASSIVE 1

Als het belangrijker is om de nadruk te leggen op datgene wat gedaan wordt, gebruiken we de lijdende vorm (Passive).


In de plaatjes hieronder wordt verteld hoe de melk van een koe bij de mens terecht komt. Het is hierbij belangrijker om te weten WAT er gebeurt, dan WIE het doet. Deze zinnen staan in de lijdende vorm. In het Engels wordt dit de ‘passive’ genoemd. De lijdende vorm (Passive) is geen tijd, maar een manier van schrijven.

1

Wanneer gebruik je de passive?

  • Als het belangrijker is om nadruk te leggen op wat er gebeurt, dan wie het doet
    The cows are fed.

  • Als degene die het doet, onbekend is
    The milk is bottled.

In een passieve zin wordt degene die iets doet, vaak niet genoemd. Als dat wel het geval is, dan wordt deze voorafgegaan door ‘by’ (door)

  • The cows are fed (by the farmer).

Het verschil tussen de ‘Active’ en ‘Passive’.

In actieve zinnen voert het onderwerp in de zin de handeling uit. Bijvoorbeeld:



Mike slaat de hond.

In een passieve zin ondergaat het onderwerp de actie. Vergelijk:



Mike slaat de hond (actief) >>>>> De hond wordt geslagen (door Mike). (passief)

In het Engels werkt dit hetzelfde:



Voorbeeldzinnen:

Brutus killed Ceasar. (a)

Ceasar was killed by Brutus. (p)

_________________________________________________________________________



Oefening 1: Welke zin is lijdend/passive?

  1. The letter was posted yesterday.

  2. He posted the letter yesterday.

  3. Did he post the letter yesterday?



Hoe weet je dat?


_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________



Oefening 2: ACTIVE OR PASSIVE? Welke zinnen zijn actief en welke passief?

  1. They are listening to Amy Winehouse.

  2. Jessie teaches biology.

  3. German is spoken in Austria.

  4. The bus driver was tired.

  5. The assembly line was invented by Henry Ford.

  6. Houses have been built.

  7. Erik bought new shoes yesterday.

  8. These cars are produced in Japan.

  9. You should open your books.

  10. Sarah is writing the letter.

  11. The house is cleaned by Tom.

  12. The castle was visited.

  13. Geoffrey repaired my car.

  14. Alice was taken out on a date.

  15. Peter fell in love with Jane.

  16. Geraldine was brought to the hospital by my father.

  17. Jordi took Jane to the hospital.

  18. Marlin’s furniture was moved into her new house.

  19. This room has been painted blue.

  20. Cricket is played in Australia.

Oefening 2: Leg uit

Je hebt nu een aantal voorbeelden gezien van actieve en passieve zinnen. Wat is je daarbij opgevallen? Hoe weet je nu of een zin passief is? Noem 3 kenmerken.



    1. ________________________________________________________________________


    2. ________________________________________________________________________


    3. ________________________________________________________________________


Een passieve zin


Hoe ziet een passieve constructie er uit? Een passieve constructie bestaat altijd uit een vorm van het werkwoord ‘be’ en een voltooid deelwoord (-ed achter ww of 3e rijtje onr. ww)
Onderstaand vind je een schema met een voorbeeld van hoe de passive eruit ziet in de tijden die we behandeld hebben:

Tense

Active

Passive

Simple Present

Peter builds a house.

A house is built by Peter.

Present continuous

Peter is building a house

A house is being built by Peter

Simple Past

Peter built a house.

A house was built by Peter.

Past continuous

Peter was building a house

A house was being built by Peter

Present Perfect

Peter has built a house.

A house has been built by Peter.

Past Perfect

Peter had built a house.

A house had been built by Peter.

Future Perfect

Peter will build a house.

A house will be built by Peter.

Future: going to

Peter is going to build a house.

A house is going to be built by Peter.


Een passieve constructie maken uit een actieve zin
Hoe maak je van een actieve zin een passieve zin? Dat gaat aan de hand van een stappenplan. Dat stappenplan ziet er als volgt uit:

Voorbeeldzin: Stephanie writes an article.


1. Je haalt het lijdend voorwerp naar voren. Wat wordt er geschreven? An article…..

2. Wat zijn de werkwoorden in de zin? >>>>‘Writes’.


In welke tijd staat dit werkwoord?
Present Simple. (Stam werkwoord +s) Deze tijd toepassen op ‘be’!
Dus: present simple van ‘be’ = ‘is’.
Het hoodwerkwoord wordt altijd voltooid deelwoord = written

An article is written……

3. Voeg eventueel ‘by’ toe (= onderwerp uit de actieve zin)

An article is written by Stephanie.



Ezelsbruggetje: een passieve zin heeft altijd één werkwoord meer dan een actieve zin.

Oefening 3: Zet de volgende zinnen in de lijdende vorm.
Voorbeeld: Peter writes a letter.

Answer: A letter is written. or A letter is written by Peter.
1) Julia rescued three cats. ______________________________________________________

2) The students handed in the reports. _____________________________________________

3) Maria crashed into the blue car. ________________________________________________

4) Alex learned the poem. _______________________________________________________

5) Steven has forgotten the book. _________________________________________________

6) The mechanic has not repaired the DVD recorder. __________________________________

7) The girls had lost the match. ____________________________________________________

8) The teacher is not going to open the window. _____________________________________


9) Somebody built the house last year. _____________________________________________
10) Max will look after him. ______________________________________________________
11) They are upgrading the system at the moment. __________________________________________

12) Someone threw away your coffee cup. _________________________________________________

13) The city also puts on plays in the concert hall. ___________________________________________

14) Bob has shown the Chinese visitors the main buildings. ____________________________________



15) Did David break this window? ________________________________________________________

Oefening 4: ZET ONDERSTAANDE ZINNEN IN DE PASSIVE

  1. Last Saturday some men robbed a bank.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  2. They hurt nobody but they stole a lot of money.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  3. Policemen found their car in a river.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  4. Somebody had stolen that car last month.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  5. Probably the men have used it for the robbery.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  6. The police have lifted the car out of the water.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  7. They will take it to the police-station.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  8. Mr Turner heard something that night.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  9. They have broken a window, he thinks.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

  10. However, the police found no glass or broken windows.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

LESSON 8

PASSIVE 2

Oefening 1: Vul de goede vorm in. Let op de tijdsaanduidingen!


  1. The old lady_______________________ to hospital yesterday. (take)

  2. His bike_______________________ yet. (not/ to sell)

  3. ______that famous actor _______________________ in a few years’ time? (to forget)

  4. The project _______________________ by the teacher right now. (to explain)

  5. We _______________________ a letter the day before yesterday. (to send)

  6. This car _______________________. It's too old. (not/to steal)

  7. This street _______________________ because of snow. (already/to close)

  8. The new restaurant _______________________ next week. (to open)

  9. He _______________________ to the party yesterday. (to invite)

  10. The blue box _______________________. (can/not/to see)

  11. The house _______________________ before I left for work. (to clean)

  12. Until now the dishes _______________________. (not/to do)

  13. The posters _______________________ at the moment. (to print)

Oefening 2: Vul de goede vorm in. Let op de tijdsaanduidingen!

  1. A new supermarket (to build) in our town next year. _________________



  2. The news (to publish) in yesterday's newspaper. _________________



  3. Can you mention some articles that (to sell) in supermarkets? _________________



  4. Groceries, vegetables, meat and bread (to buy) there by many people. _________________



  5. Very often new products (to offer) by friendly ladies. _________________



  6. Of course they hope that these new products (to take) home by
    lots of customers. _________________

  1. For Voorbeeld, lots of new crisps (to put) on the market since last year. _________________



  2. Last Saturday a young man (to question) by a shop-assistant. _________________



  3. He had tried to leave without paying; he said his purse (to steal). _________________



  4. Soon the police arrived and he (to take) to the police-station. _________________


Oefening 3: CHOOSE THE CORRECT OPTION


  1. The order forms (to post) yet.

    1. are not been post

    2. have not be posted

    3. have not been posted

    4. have not been post



  2. These televisions (to make) in China.

    1. are made

    2. have be made

    3. have not been make

    4. are maked



  3. The thief (catch).

    1. was caught

    2. caught

    3. has been catch

    4. is been caught



  4. Our department (to paint) yellow.

    1. will been painted

    2. will be painted

    3. will been paint

    4. will be paint



  5. This house (to sell) by a house-agent.

    1. is been sold

    2. was sold

    3. is been selled

    4. was selled



  6. The manager told him that he (to fire).

    1. is be fired

    2. would be fired

    3. would been fired

    4. will been fired



  7. He told me the product (to take) out of production. 

    1. had been taken

    2. was been taken

    3. had be taken

    4. would be take



  8. The parcel (to send). 

    1. will be sent

    2. have not been send

    3. will been send

    4. will be send



  9. The two girls (to reward) by the manager.

    1. have been rewarding

    2. have been reward

    3. are been rewarded

    4. will be rewarded



  10. This book (to print) in China.

    1. printed

    2. is print

    3. was printed

    4. has be printed



  11. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire ______________ by J K Rowling

    1. was written

    2. written

    3. wrote

    4. were written





  1. The work ———————— by me.

a)    Has completed
b)    Has been completed
c)    Have been completed
d)    Have completed

  1. The patient is —————– after by the nurse.

a)    Looked
b)    Being looked
c)    Looking
d)    Been looked

  1. My pen ——————yesterday.

a)    Has stolen
b)    Has been stolen
c)    Was stolen
d)    Stolen

  1. The committee ——————– an unrealistic policy.

a)    Has adopted
b)    Has been adopted
c)    Was adopted
d)    Is adopted

  1. You ———————– to come with me.

a)    Are requesting
b)    Are requested
c)    Were requesting
d)    Have been requesting

  1. The thief ——————- red-handed by the policemen.

a)    Is catching
b)    Caught
c)    Had caught
d)    Was caught

  1. They had ——————- her work before midnight.

a)    Been finishing
b)    Been finished
c)    Finished
d)    Finishing

  1. His behavior ——————- me.

a)    Was surprised
b)    Surprising
c)    Surprised
d)    Was being surprised

  1. This book ———————– by John.

a)    Was brought
b)    Was bringing
c)    Brought
d)    Has brought

  1. You ——————— by me in every way.

a)    Will be helped
b)    Will be helping
c)    Will helping
d)    Will have helped

  1. I offered him a chance and he ——————– it.

a)    Has grabbed
b)    Grabbed
c)    Was grabbing
d)    Was grabbing

  1. No survivors ——————

a)    Could be finding
b)    Could be found
c)    Was finding
d)    Had found

  1. The child —————— by the speeding car.

a)    Has run over
b)    Was run over
c)    Was been run over
d)    Run over

1 With courtesy to www.midwestdairy.com for allowing use of the pictures.

1   2   3   4

  • Een passieve zin
  • Voorbeeldzin: Stephanie writes an article.

  • Dovnload 234.5 Kb.