The leading English language online resource about Friedrich Froebel, creator of Kindergarten and designer of Froebel Gifts
Friedrich Froebel created Kindergarten
The name Kindergartensignifies both a garden for children, a location where they can observe and interact with nature, and also a garden of children, where they themselves can grow and develop in freedom from arbitrary political and social imperatives.
In 1837, having developed and tested a radically new educational method and philosophy based on structured, activity based learning, Froebel moved to Bad Blankenburg and established his Play and Activity Institute which he renamed in 1840 Kindergarten.
" The kindergarten was essentially tri-partite:
toys for sedentary creative play (these Froebel called gifts and occupations)
games and dances for healthy activity
observing and nurturing plants in a garden for stimulating awareness of the natural world
It was a search for metaphysical unity, in which the potential growth to wholeness of the individual child within the natural world would fulfil an harmonious ideal within the mind of God. " Peter Weston in The Froebel Educational Institute: the Origins and History of the College
" there is substantial value in the exercises of the Kindergarten, which pleasurably bring out the active powers of the children - their powers of observation, judgement, and invention - and make them at once apt in doing as well as learning " Professor Payne 1874
Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child's soul.
" To Froebel belongs the credit for finding the true nature of play and regulating it to lead naturally into work.
The same spontaneity and joy, the same freedom and serenity that characterise the plays of childhood are realised in all human actiity.
The gifts and occupations are the living connection which makes both play and work expressions of the same creative activity. " W N Hailmann
This star is called Fröbelstern in Germany. It is a popular decoration for Christmas trees, although not many peole know how to fold it from four strips of paper.
Beautifully presented in a triangular gift box, Swarovski’s sparkling Annual Edition Christmas Ornament for 2009 is a majestic eight pointed star.
Friedrich Froebel introduced the concept of gardens for children, where they could participate in all aspects of growing, harvesting, and preparing nutritious, seasonal produce. As educational tools, these gardens provide real world applications of core mathematical concepts. The Edible Schoolyard educates children about the connections between food, health, and the environment through activities which are fully integrated into the curriculum.
On January 28th 2008 two major Froebel archives were for the first time brought together in the remodelled Archives and Special Collections floor of the Roehampton University Library in London. The The Froebel Archive for Childhood Studies and The National Froebel Foundation Archive together provide a unique and accessible resource for students and researchers into the history of the Froebel movement in the UK.
International Froebel Society
The International Froebel Society seeks to bring together the widest number of people, who have an academic, professional or practitioner interest in the educational principles and practices of Friedrich Froebel.
The perfect introduction to this extremely sophisticated, yet easy to use, ball and stick construction system - build a house, a flower, or mathematically correct geometric solids.
Friedrich Froebel : His Life, Times and Significance This book by Peter Weston for the general reader is an illustrated life that places him in the turbulent political and intellectual context of his times. It also identifies those aspects of his educational practice that are of enduring value in the contemporary world.
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Inventing Kindergarten uses extraordinary visual materials to reconstruct this successful system, to teach young children about art, design, mathematics and nature
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