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Stijlfiguren en gevoel Er zijn weinig teksten waar meer dan 1 vraag van dit soort over is gemaakt. Kies zelf of je de hele tekst maakt (en dus ook andere soorten vragen oefent) of alleen de vragen over stijlfiguren of gevoel

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Stijlfiguren en gevoel Er zijn weinig teksten waar meer dan 1 vraag van dit soort over is gemaakt. Kies zelf of je de hele tekst maakt (en dus ook andere soorten vragen oefent) of alleen de vragen over stijlfiguren of gevoel



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Stijlfiguren en gevoel
Er zijn weinig teksten waar meer dan 1 vraag van dit soort over is gemaakt. Kies zelf of je de hele tekst maakt (en dus ook andere soorten vragen oefent) of alleen de vragen over stijlfiguren of gevoel. Deze vragen zijn aangegeven met een *.
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Appeal of the Cycle Routes

Sir: A leaflet which accompanied my copy of the 23 July

edition of The Independent invited me to contribute

towards the cost of building the National Cycle Network

by the charity Sustrans.

I am appalled that I even received the leaflet.

Have we really become so car-obsessed that the

Government is not prepared to invest in such a

worthwhile project? What will happen if the

National Lottery and individual contributions are

insufficient?

I don’t recall receiving requests for support for the

further development of the National Road Network.

Hayley North,

Leeds

Tekst 8

1p 25 Welk gevoel spreekt er uit deze brief van Hayley North?



A plezier

B spijt

C verontwaardiging

D waarderingVMBO
Tekst 1
Off yew1) go, yew poisonous so-and-so

A year ago Bristol-council

planted 100 yew1) trees on

the Blaise Castle estate in

the city. This week they cut

them all down. A ‘risk

assessment’ had decided

that there was a danger that

children might eat them.

I found this odd. I have

several yew trees in my

garden, and two young

children, and I now realise

it is miraculous that the Child killer in action

latter have not been hideously damaged by eating the

former. It might have something to do with the fact (a)

that children do not feel the urge to eat trees, whatever

the health and safety fascists might think and (b) even

if they did, one of the jobs of the parent is to advise

them of the unsuitability of doing so. Yet it is an abiding

principle of the health and safety industry that the worst

must be assumed at all times – which is why, not long

ago, another council axed its chestnut trees in case the

conkers rained down, possibly fatally, on heads passing

underneath. I think the time has come to lock children

up 24 hours a day, and only let them out over the age

of 18 in appropriate protective clothing.

J. Edgar

Bristol

noot 1: Yew = taxus, een bepaald soort boom of struik


*1 Welke toon gebruikt de schrijver in deze ingezonden brief?

De toon is



A bewonderend.

B bezorgd.

C onverschillig.

D spottend.

E woedend.

Tekst 2

You did what?



I Walked the Length of the USA

Andy West hiked solo from Canada to Mexico




Andy’s Top

Trek Tips

1 Get up early to

avoid lightning storms

– they generally roll in

around midday.



2 Avoid carrying

unnecessary clothes

by posting them

ahead, and picking

them up from local

post offices when you

need them.

3 Plan and train

thoroughly before you

go.



(1) It was a spell of sick leave

that finally made Andy West

realise that, if he was ever going

to achieve his dream of trekking

the Continental Divide Trail –

the 5,000km north-south route

along the Rockies from the

Canada/US border to Mexico –

he was just going to have to get

up and do it. So Andy sold his

house, gave up his job and

devoted almost a year to

planning his mammoth hike, as

well as using the challenge to

raise money for CHASE hospice

care (www.chasecare.org.uk)

and the Stroke Association

(www.stroke.org.uk).



(2) His schedule was

exhausting: It took Andy five

months, trekking around 32km a

day, six days a week, with just

one small backpack, to

complete his goal. So why did

he do it? “The rewards came

from completing a section each

day,” explains Andy. “And being

so high up that you could see

for miles at a time. My numberone

memory is hiking through

the snow, high up on a mountain

ridge, in the cold air and under

beautiful blue skies.” So, what

was a typical day on the trail?

“I’d get up early, before dawn,

and cook myself some breakfast

before setting off. By the end of

the day I’d be trekking in the

dark with a GPS and a light on

my head!”



(3) It could be lonely: “I’d go a

long time without seeing anyone

– I trekked 650km through

Montana and didn’t see another

person!”, Andy admits. But he

also met hunters every now and

then and sometimes their prey.

“People often joked that I was

going to get shot because

‘hunters will shoot anything’.

However, the hunters were

really friendly and offered me

food and water – which was a

life-saver,” Andy recalls. “And

once I saw a grizzly bear, which

I scooted around!”



(4) Andy had more to contend

with than just the odd grizzly. As

well as fighting against snow

and a trip-threatening leg injury,

he also endured a forest fire and

the odd lightning storm. Despite

these challenges, Andy is not

deterred from more trekking

adventures and is planning to

try the Pacific Crest Trail this

year. His advice to anyone

thinking of doing their own mega

trek? “Just get on with it!”

For more on Andy’s adventure,

see www.andywestactive.com.

Wanderlust, 2009




2 Why did Andy West go on a 5,000km-walk, according to paragraph 1?

A He decided to change his lifestyle after a serious illness.

B He had long wanted to undertake a project such as this one.

C He needed to escape from trouble in his professional and personal life.

D He thought it was important to do something for charity.
3 Geef van elk van de volgende beweringen aan of deze juist of onjuist is

volgens alinea 2.



Omcirkel achter elk nummer ‘juist’ of ‘onjuist’ in de uitwerkbijlage.

1 Hij gebruikte een strak schema om de tocht te volbrengen.

2 Hij genoot van de uitzichten tijdens zijn tocht.

3 Hij leefde voornamelijk op kant-en-klaar-voedsel.

4 Hij liep zelden in het donker.
4 Which of the following is true according to paragraph 3?

A Andy found some parts of the country he walked through rather boring.

B During his journey Andy sometimes walked alone for days on end.

C Hunters helped Andy escape from a dangerous wild animal.

D The survival tips given to Andy beforehand proved useless.
* 5 Alinea 4 beschrijft hoe Andy zijn tocht heeft beleefd.

Welke combinatie van woorden geeft zijn oordeel over de tocht weer?



A afwisselend maar gevaarlijk

B avontuurlijk maar eenmalig

C uitdagend maar aan te bevelen

D vermoeiend maar leerzaam

Tekst 3

A Chance to Shine


Professional dance training as a

condition of community sentences

is helping young offenders in

Bradford and Leeds find their

feet.

Helen Carter

(1) It is less than five hours to go

before Dance Unite’s

performance at the Alhambra

theatre’s studio in Bradford and

all is not well. The young dancers

are behaving very nervously and

giggling when they should be

concentrating on their

performance. Tara Herbert, the

artistic director, tells one of the

girls to stop scratching. The girl

loses her temper, swears, storms

off in a huff, and is ordered out of

the studio. Undeterred, the

company continues its dress

rehearsal.



(2) Dance United uses dance to

engage young offenders. Its

academy offers an intensive

12-week programme, 25 hours a

week, in which young people are

treated as trainee professional

dancers and receive a certificate

in basic practical performance

skills.

(3) Last year 33 young people

were referred to Dance United

from the Bradford and Leeds

youth offending teams as a

condition of their community

sentence. In this area, more than

three-quarters are expected to

reoffend within 12 months –

higher than the national average.

Of the 33 referred to Dance



United, 19 stayed on the

programme and only half

reoffended.

(4) A report out today by New

Philanthropy Capital (NPC),

analysing the most cost-effective

youth offending programmes,

highlights the work of Dance

United. The report estimates that

by stopping even one person

reoffending, the charity can save

the community from spending

about £82,000.

(5) Dance United relies on the

Arts Council, the lottery and youth

offending teams for funding. NPC

says that because the criminal

justice field is averse to risk,

fearful of tabloids and keen to

look tough on crime, the voluntary

sector – which is not stifled by a

sense of what is ‘publicly

acceptable’ – has a particularly

important role to play. It explains:

“By targeting support at

organisations that are making a

real statement, charities and

funders can save children from a

life of crime and get offenders

back on the straight and narrow.”

(6) Back at the dress rehearsal,

the dancer who quit is back.

Everyone sits in a circle and she

apologises for her behaviour.

“Thanks for having me back,” she

says. “I just want to make my

mum proud.” She hangs her

head, embarrassed by the

attention.

(7) After three weeks of training

the young people will go into

primary schools to help deliver

dance lessons. Rob Lynden, head

of programme development at

Dance United, says the training is

about people reintegrating with

their families and picking up the

pieces of their lives. “The young

people are taken out of their

comfort zone. When they first

come along the kids will moan

and scream about everything, and

then they start to realise it is

something they actually enjoy,”

he says.

(8) Connor (not his real name),

19, was permanently excluded

from school because of his poor

behaviour. “I used to find it very

difficult when I began dancing

and tried to focus, but now I just

blank everything out. I am

applying for university when

I finish my course. I have met

some amazing people who will be

friends for life.”

The Society Guardian, 2010


* 6 What is the function of paragraph 1?

The writer gives an introduction by means of

A a conclusion.

B a description.

C a summary.

D an opinion.
7 Geef van elk van de volgende beweringen aan of deze juist of onjuist is

volgens alinea 2, 3 en 4.



Omcirkel achter elk nummer ‘juist’ of ‘onjuist’ in de uitwerkbijlage.

1 Om bij Dance United te worden toegelaten moet je auditie doen.

2 Dance United wordt afgesloten met een theorie-examen.

3 Door Dance United komen sommige jongeren weer op het rechte pad.

4 Dance United is een commerciële, winstgevende organisatie.
8 ‘It explains: “…and narrow.”’ (paragraph 5)

What does ‘It’ refer to?



A Dance United

B NPC

C The Arts Council

D The voluntary sector
9 In alinea 6 wordt het vervolg van een gebeurtenis uit een eerdere alinea

beschreven.

In welke alinea wordt die gebeurtenis voor het eerst genoemd?

Schrijf het nummer van deze alinea op in de uitwerkbijlage.
10 “When they first come along the kids will moan and scream about

everything” (paragraph 7)

Why do the kids behave like this according to Rob Lynden (paragraph 7)?

A They are afraid of the new things they have to face.

B They are angry about the punishment they received.

C They are excited about the training methods.

D They are thrilled about going home again.
11 What is made clear about Connor in paragraph 8?

A He doesn’t have enough talent to become a professional dancer.

B He has difficulties making new friends.

C He has his life on track again.

D He will always be sorry for his bad conduct.

Tekst 4

Appeal of the Cycle Routes

Sir: A leaflet which accompanied my copy of the 23 July edition of The Independent invited me to contribute towards the cost of building the National Cycle Network

by the charity Sustrans.

I am appalled that I even received the leaflet. Have we really become so car-obsessed that the Government is not prepared to invest in such a worthwhile project? What will happen if the National Lottery and individual contributions are

insufficient?

I don’t recall receiving requests for support for the further development of the National Road Network.

Hayley North,

Leeds
* 12 Welk gevoel spreekt er uit deze brief van Hayley North?

A plezier

B spijt

C verontwaardiging

D waardering
Tekst 5

I'm Just Beginning


By James Cracknell

(1) Since taking up rowing I'd dreamt of

winning a gold medal. Relationships, a

‘proper’ career, money, holidays, and

friends' weddings had all been sacrificed at the altar of rowing. After having won two Olympic gold medals I was mentally prepared to retire. Then television presenter Ben Fogle bounced up to me at a party. "I'm doing a rowing race across the Atlantic. Do you want to do it with me?" he asked. After discovering he couldn't row I politely declined, but soon

realised I was missing something: a goal. I'd had one since I was 16 years old and felt incomplete without having something to aim for. So I phoned up Ben and agreed to enter the Atlantic Rowing Race.

(2) The difference between preparing for a sporting event and a challenge like this became obvious on a number of fronts: practical, financial and emotional. The Olympics demanded that I train to the best of my ability and then perform when it mattered; not easy, but I was supported by a coach and several other trained specialists. Ben and I only had each other.

We also had a boat to build, navigation

tests to pass, radio and sea-survival

courses, training and (in Ben's case)

learning to row. Getting sponsorship was virtually impossible and my wife wasn't too keen on me spending two months at sea.

(3) 15 . We only got clearance to race

24 hours before the start and

hadn't spent more than two hours

on our boat. We'd totally under-estimated the psychological challenge of being out at sea in a tiny boat. There had been nodiscussion about how little we really knew each other or would function as a team. The first week aboard was spent coming

to terms with the 3,000 miles of

ocean ahead. It was hideous. We

just wanted to give up. We'd run out

of water, survived a capsize, lost all

communication and three stone in

weight. However, by the time we

arrived in Antigua I'd learnt how the

mind and body can be strong

enough to survive any situation.

(4) After that experience I wanted to

test myself in different ways. After

swimming the Strait of Gibraltar,

paddling the Channel on a surfboard

and making a tandem record attempt

from Land's End to John O'Groats,

I should be ready to admit

I 17 challenges.



(5) What I haven't answered is why

I want to do these things. A

psychologist I've worked with says it

takes at least two years to fully retire

from sport. Perhaps it's taking me

longer, but I'm still learning so much

about myself and our planet on

every trip, it feels as if I'm just

starting out on this phase of my life.

Telegraph Weekend, 2009



13 Why did James Cracknell decide to take part in the Atlantic Rowing Race,

according to paragraph 1?



A He needed a new challenge now that he had fulfilled his dream.

B He wanted to start a new career as a sports show host.

C He was afraid Ben Fogle would not manage without his support.

D He was without a job at that time and needed some income.
14 Welk deel van een zin uit alinea 2 geeft aan dat er financiële moeilijkheden waren bij de voorbereiding op de Atlantic Rowing Race?

Citeer (= schrijf over uit de tekst) dat deel van de zin in de uitwerkbijlage.
15 De eerste zin van alinea 3 ontbreekt. Kies bij 15 in alinea 3 het juiste antwoord uit de gegeven mogelijkheden.

A Our friendship was growing.

B Our material was inadequate.

C Our overall feeling was pride.

D Our preparation was terrible.
* 16 Which of the following words describes how James Cracknell felt after

finishing the Atlantic Rowing Race, according to paragraph 3?



A confident

B disappointed

C irritated

D glamorous
17 Kies bij 17 in alinea 4 het juiste antwoord uit de gegeven mogelijkheden.

A am hooked on

B am too old for

C have tried most

D need better
*18 What becomes clear about James Cracknell from paragraph 5?

A He feels the urge to go on extreme trips is gradually fading away.

B He is afraid he will need professional help if he stops going on extreme trips.

C He is not planning to stop going on extreme trips anytime soon.

D He likes combining scientific research with going on extreme trips.

Havo


Tekst 6

Fish oil? Sounds like a snake-oil remedy
The Department for Education and Skills is apparently

considering boosting the brainpower of schoolchildren

by feeding them capsules of fish oil. Er, fish oil? Yes, it

seems that Alan Johnson, the Education Secretary, is

convinced that the answer to illiterate and innumerate

kids is a daily dose of the omega-3 fatty acids found in

our scaly friends.

That’s all very well. But if fish are so full of brainboosting

oils, how come so many of them end up

battered, beheaded and lightly sprinkled with salt and

vinegar?

www.timesonline.co.uk
* 19 How can the tone of this article as a whole be characterised?

A As angry.

B As ironic.

C As matter-of-fact.

D As surprised.
Tekst 7

Ah, ha, ha, ha, Stayin’ Alive

Japan’s passion for karaoke is sticking unhealthily in the nation’s throat


1 Karaoke — once just another of

those home-grown curiosities that

never made it beyond Japan’s

shores, along with courteous

white-gloved taxi drivers, punctual

trains and a taste for fish that

hadn’t been cooked — is now as

common in Newcastle as it is in

Nagoya (as, too, is sushi; though,

not yet, trains that run on time).

2 While, in Britain, karaoke most

commonly evokes images of woozy

hen parties belting out throaty

renditions of ‘I Will Survive’, in

Japan it tended to be the preserve

of tired and emotional office

workers: in cosy Tokyo bars, often

no bigger than a bathroom, middle-aged

salarymen would sink into

their cups after a vexing day at

their desks and warble sugary

ballads extolling Japan’s rural

beauty or a woman’s charms.

3 But even in Japan, karaoke

has become busier, brasher and

more boisterous. Last year, 47

million Japanese visited a karaoke

outlet. You can find karaoke

programs on your mobile phone.

There are online karaoke clubs.

Cars come custom-equipped with

karaoke machines.

4 But a zeal for singing along to

high-pitched tunes has put such a

strain on the nation’s voice boxes

that it has spawned an epidemic of

“karaoke polyp” in ambitious

pursuit of a top C. The good news?

No more Bee Gees imitators! By

order of Japanese doctors.



The Times



20 Waarom is karaoke volgens de tekst ongezond?
21 Geef voor elk van de onderstaande beweringen aan of deze juist of onjuist is

met betrekking tot de alinea’s 1 en 2.

The purpose of paragraphs 1 and 2 is

1 to explain the popularity of karaoke bars in both Japan and Great Britain.

2 to give examples of annoying customs imported into Great Britain from Japan.

3 to illustrate that Great Britain has better-equipped karaoke facilities than Japan.

4 to point out the cultural differences between Great Britain and Japan in the

practising of karaoke.

Noteer het nummer van elke bewering, gevolgd door “juist” of “onjuist”

  1   2   3   4   5


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